Japanese researchers have developed an AI-powered system that can detect bowel cancer in less than a second. The system has an accuracy rate of 94%.
The digital transformation in the field of medicine is quickly showing its progress. The new system for cancer detection works by scanning magnified endoscopic images and comparing them against 30,000 others. That way, colorectal adenomas can be spotted. These are small benign tumours that can evolve into cancer as time passes.
In a sample of 300 colorectal adenomas in 250 patients, the system achieved 94% accuracy in determining the malignancy of the tumours. According to the words of Dr Yuichi Mori from Showa University in Yokohama, the study leader, the AI allows for real-time optical biopsy of colorectal polyps during colonoscopy, and the results do not depend on the endoscopists’ skill.
The system still needs regulatory approval, but Dr Mori is firmly convinced it can help patients avoid many needless surgeries.
On a similar note, earlier this year, UK’s National Health Service and Intel reported that they are working together on a cancer detection system of their own. With the help of scientists and AI, they started the creation of a digital repository of known tumour cells based on thousands of human tissue cells. Initially, the collaboration is focused on detecting lung cancer, but over the course of time, the algorithms will be used to detect other types of cancer.
The aforementioned examples are only the beginning of the digital transformation revolution in the field of medicine, with similar programs expected to follow suit.