The topic of data security can sometimes be so complex that it leaves us scratching our heads, without an actionable idea on how to begin. However, a systemised approach just might be the answer.
First of all, you need to answer the following two questions:
- What data do I need to protect?
- How do I go about protecting it?
The answer to the first question will, of course, vary between different types of businesses. The answer to the second question can be a bit more intricate, but it is possible to tackle it with the following steps, where you will be using various policies, systems, procedures, and tools to:
This step allows you to predict the possible avenues of attack and system vulnerabilities ahead of time.
The purpose of this step is to prevent threats from affecting your system. A corporate firewall is a good example.
In this phase, you need to discover what threats may already be affecting you. An intrusion detection system goes a long way.
If you discover a threat, you need to act upon it immediately and eliminate it.
Finally, you need three control types to maintain the security of your data. These are:
Administrative – These are security policies that will guide you.
Physical – These are locks, keys, etc., that prevent unauthorised access to your physical assets.
Technical – This is the technology that will stop intruders from gaining unauthorised access to your data through digital means, such as a firewall.